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The enamel is the transparent, protective layer on the outer part of the teeth. It helps keep teeth healthy and strong! If you notice discolourations or a crack in your teeth, you may be experiencing enamel hypoplasia. In this condition, the enamel wears down. You may notice white spots or brown to yellow staining pits, grooves, or chipped or missing enamel pieces. In extreme cases, the enamel isn’t developed completely.

Enamel hypoplasia is a common dental issue in children. If you spot a discoloured tooth in your child’s mouth, It is best to set up your dentist’s appointment for your child! It is crucial to inspect and observe the condition of these teeth. 

This blog discusses the cause of enamel hypoplasia, the treatments and aftercare measures.

What is the Dental Enamel Hypoplasia?

Dental enamel hypoplasia is a defect characterised by a thin layer of missing enamel. In some instances, the defect is found on just a small portion of the tooth’s surface, which results in cavities within the tooth’s enamel. In other instances, the entire tooth could be covered with a thin layer of enamel or might not have any enamel.

Enamel Hypoplasia occurs when the affected tooth first emerges through the gums. On the other hand, Dental erosion and abrasion wear occur after the tooth has completely developed.

What is the cause of Enamel Hypoplasia in children?

Many reasons, such as disruption, including environmental and genetic influences, could trigger enamel hypoplasia.

Recent research suggests that environmental influences that raise the likelihood of hypoplasia in young children include 

Premature birth, A low birth weight, vitamin D deficiency, diabetes, gum inflammation, consumption of large quantities of fluoride.

Is there a treatment for Enamel Hypoplasia?

Based on the location and the severity of the condition, enamel hypoplasia could result in aesthetic issues, teeth sensitivity, or bite problems. Studies show that children with hypoplastic teeth are more likely to develop cavities.

To minimise the risk of developing dental cavities, children suffering from enamel hypoplasia need to be particularly careful about flossing and brushing frequently and limit the consumption of foods that cause cavities and beverages. The use of professional fluoride varnish may be suggested to protect against decay and limit any tooth sensitivities.

If enamel hypoplasia conditions lead to serious bite problems or aesthetic issues, your child’s pediatric dentist might suggest dental restorations, such as white fillings. However, white fillings may not always adhere to damaged enamel as they adhere to healthy enamel and could not be the ideal solution in certain situations.

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In extreme cases, your child’s dentist may suggest covering hypoplastic teeth with dental crowns to protect the teeth and restore their form and function.

Final Thoughts

Maintaining a healthy diet is vital for all, particularly those who suffer from hypoplastic teeth. We at Post House Dental recommend twice a day brushing using fluoridated toothpaste. Keep a healthy diet low in sugar and stay clear of food rich in starch! Don’t forget to visit your dentist every six months for a checkup and professional cleaning.

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