If your gums are in good condition, they can rest comfortably against teeth and create a healthy smile. Although the soft tissue might appear as if it’s attached to teeth, there is a gap between the gum tissue known as the periodontal pocket.
If plaque or tartar builds up beneath the gum, the gum starts pulling away, creating a larger pocket due to swelling and inflammation. The deep pockets can even let bacteria get farther beneath the gum line and begin to harm and damage the teeth’s bones. The deeper the pocket, the more serious the disease or inflammation is.
This blog discusses the treatments available to cure inflamed gum pockets.
Healthy Gums Vs Unhealthy Gums
Healthy gums can fit comfortably around the tooth, and a typical measurement is between 1 to 3 millimetres. Pockets deeper than 3mm suggest the presence of gingivitis.
Gum diseases are the main reason for tooth loss. Although it may not directly affect the teeth, it causes bone loss surrounding your teeth. This causes a disruption to your tooth’s foundation and provides support.
Periodontal pockets range from 4mm to 6mm for most patients. In the most extreme instances, if gum disease is not treated, periodontal pockets could get as deep as 10mm, and surgical techniques like bone grafting are required to cure the condition.
Deep Cleaning Procedure
The deep cleaning technique or Root planing is the treatment usually recommended for deeper pockets than 4 millimetres.
Hygienists employ special tools to eliminate tartar plaque, and bacteria accumulated in the pockets.
A complete oral gum measurement sheet could also be needed as an instrument to assess the progression of gum disease. The procedure could require 2 to 3 visits based on the severity of the disease, the size of the pockets, and the plaque present.
After the procedure, a visit to the dentist is required to ensure that your teeth and gums are in good condition.
Deep Gum Pockets Preventive measures
The best way to avoid deep pockets in the periodontal system from forming is to ensure excellent oral health and hygiene habits, such as:
- Brush your teeth two times a day for at least 2 minutes to get optimal results.
- Floss your teeth at least once every day to eliminate the plaque between your teeth.
- Use a soft-bristled brush in gentle brushing motions to prevent damage to the gum tissue.
- Use a mouthwash to reduce the number of oral bacteria and lower the risk of developing gum disease.
- Replace your toothbrush every three or four months to maintain good oral hygiene.
- Make an appointment with your dentist at least once every six months for dental cleanings.
Deep cleaning can reduce the bacteria and plaque which can build up below that gum line, but it might require regular routine visits to monitor the development and keep the disease from recurring.
With proper treatment and by following your dentist’s advice, you will greatly reduce the negative effects of gum diseases. You can also prevent gingivitis from developing into a more serious condition.